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The specialty of Orthopaedic Surgery originated with
the correction of childhood deformities. The word
“orthopaedia” was coined by Nicholas Andry in 1741
when he published his book, titled Orthopaedia: or,
The Art of Correcting and Preventing Deformities in Children.

Therein, he states, “As to the title, I have formed it of two Greek
words viz Ỏρθος, straight and Πάίδον, a child. Out of the two words
I have compounded that of Orthopaedia to express in one term the
design I propose which is to teach the different methods of
preventing and correcting the deformities of children.” This analogy
of the crooked tree tied to a strong post reflects the basis of
Orthopaedic Surgery—to correct deformities.

While this living artwork represents the historical symbol of
the Tree of Andry, the process of its creation reflects the
educational process. The initial training of this tree required four
years, which is about the same time it takes to train an Orthopaedic
resident. However, as living art, the training process is lifelong.
With ever-increasing medical knowledge, every Orthopaedic
surgeon must engage in a lifelong pursuit of learning.